Tags are instructions that are embedded directly into the text of a HTML document. Each HTML tag describes that the browser should do something instead of simply displaying the text. In HTML, the tags begin with (<) and end with (>)
HTML tags can be of two types. They are
1. Paired Tags
2. Unpaired Tags

Paired Tags:

A tag is said to be a paired tag if the text is placed between a tag and its companion tag. In paired tags, the first tag is referred to as Opening Tag and the second tag is referred to as Closing Tag.


<i>This text is in italics. </i>

Note: Here <i> is called opening tag. and </i> is called closing tag.

Unpaired Tags:

An unpaired tag does not have a companion tag. Unpaired tags are also known as Singular or Stand-Alone Tags.


<br> , <hr>

etc. These tags does not require any companion tag.

Tags Based on their utility

We can differentiate tags based on the purpose they used. Basically we have three types here

Formatting tags

We manage the size of the font, underline part of the text, make the text bold etc by using tags like <font>, <u>,<b> etc.

Page Structure tags

Description , title , head , body etc are part of the page structure tags. They are part of the basic html page and does not directly affect the formatting of text or image.

Control tags

Form tags, Script tags, Radio buttons etc are part of the control tags

Number of User Comments : 18

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Faryad Ali 16-09-2014
Moshiur Rahman22-09-2014
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Don Bensua18-12-2014
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