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SQL Date query

Year function in a mysql data and time field

From a date and time field of mysql table we can collect the year part by using the function year(). This will collect the year in YYYY format. We can even calculate the year difference between two columns. Here is the main query to get the year part from mysql date and time field.

The basic query is here

SELECT year(dt2) FROM `dt_tb`

This will collect the year part from the field

For easy understanding we will create one PHP page with this query with all other fields.

The sql query is modified to display all the columns with the years and their difference for easy comparison. Here is the query used.

$query="SELECT dt,dt2,year(dt) as year1,year(dt2)as year2,(year( dt2 ) - year( dt )) as difference FROM `dt_tb`";

$qt=mysql_query($query);
echo mysql_error();
echo "<table border='1' cellspacing='1' cellpadding='0' width='400'>
<tr valign='top'>
<td><b>dt</b></td><td><b>dt2</b></td>
<td><b>year<br>(dt)</b></td><td><b>year<br>(dt2)</b>
</td><td><b>diffe-<br>rence</b></td>
</tr>"; while($nt=mysql_fetch_array($qt)){
echo "<tr valign='top'> <td><font face='Verdana' size='2' >$nt[dt]</font></td><td><font face='Verdana' size='2' >$nt[dt2]</font>
</td><td><font face='Verdana' size='2' >$nt[year1]</font></td>
<td><font face='Verdana' size='2' >$nt[year2]</font></td><td><font face='Verdana' size='2' >$nt[difference]</font></td></tr>";
}
echo "</table>";

The output of this query is here
dtdt2year
(dt)
year
(dt2)
diffe-
rence
2004-10-26 00:00:002005-01-25200420051
2004-05-05 23:56:252005-06-12200420051
2005-12-08 13:20:102005-06-06200520050
Here is the sql code to create and fill the table with records

CREATE TABLE dt_tb ( id int(2) NOT NULL auto_increment, dt datetime NOT NULL default '0000-00-00 00:00:00', dt2 date NOT NULL default '0000-00-00', PRIMARY KEY (id) ) TYPE=MyISAM;

# # Dumping data for table `dt_tb` #

INSERT INTO dt_tb VALUES (1, '2004-10-26 00:00:00', '2005-01-25');
INSERT INTO dt_tb VALUES (2, '2004-05-05 23:56:25', '2005-06-12');
INSERT INTO dt_tb VALUES (3, '2005-12-08 13:20:10', '2005-06-06');

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