Showing & hiding div layers on button clicks

We can control a layer by connecting it to buttons. We can display or hide the layer by clicking the buttons. To create and manage a layer we will use div tags.

<input type=button name=b1 value='Click Me' onclick="any_function();";>

By using style property of the page we can control the layer.

We will use one on page style sheet for our div tag by defining its layout properties. We will keep this style definition inside our head tags. For more details on Style property visit our CSS section.

We will use one JavaScript function to manage the property of the div tag identified by its id.

Here is the demo of show hide layer

Here is the code


<html>
<head>
<title>(Type a title for your page here)</title>
<style type="text/css">
div {
position: absolute;
left: 100px;
top: 200px;
background-color: #f1f1f1;
width: 180px;
padding: 10px;
color: black;
border: #0000cc 2px dashed;
display: none;
}
</style>

<script language="JavaScript">
function setVisibility(id, visibility) {
document.getElementById(id).style.display = visibility;
}
</script>

</head>
<body >

<input type=button name=type value='Show Layer' onclick="setVisibility('sub3', 'inline');";>
<input type=button name=type value='Hide Layer' onclick="setVisibility('sub3', 'none');";>

<div id="sub3">Message Box</div>

</body>
</html>

Using image as button

In the above code we can use image as button to show and hide layers. This part is included in the above demo. Here is the code to add image in place of button.

<input type=image name=imb src='images/show-layer.jpg'  onclick="setVisibility('sub3', 'inline');";>

Using one single button to show or hide the message layer

The above code will display two buttons one of showing the layer and other for hiding the layer. We can combine the functionality of these two buttons to one and keep one button which can be toggled to show or hide layer. The caption displayed over the button can be changed by using value property of the button id. We will change this data also and display the appropriate label to give the message.

document.getElementById('bt1').value = 'Hide Layer';

By this we can change the text written over the button
We can manage the display of layer by this .


document.getElementById(id).style.display = 'none'; // To hide the layer
document.getElementById(id).style.display = 'inline'; // To display the layer

Demo of controlling the display of layer by using single button

Here is the code of above demo

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252">
<html>
<head>
<title>Demo of Show hide div layer onclick of buttons</title>
<META NAME="DESCRIPTION" CONTENT="Demo for showing and hiding div layers through button clicks">
<META NAME="KEYWORDS" CONTENT="Demo Show layer, Demo hide layer, display div, hide div,
button on click, button on click event, div property, div style set">

<style type="text/css">
div {
position: absolute;
left: 250px;
top: 200px;
background-color: #f1f1f1;
width: 280px;
padding: 10px;
color: black;
border: #0000cc 2px dashed;
display: none;
}
</style>

<script language="JavaScript">
function setVisibility(id) {
if(document.getElementById('bt1').value=='Hide Layer'){
document.getElementById('bt1').value = 'Show Layer';
document.getElementById(id).style.display = 'none';
}else{
document.getElementById('bt1').value = 'Hide Layer';
document.getElementById(id).style.display = 'inline';
}
}
</script>
</head>
<body>

<input type=button name=type id='bt1' value='Show Layer' onclick="setVisibility('sub3');";>

<div id="sub3">Message Box</div>
<br><br>
</body>
</html>

Using single button and more than one layer ( boxes )

To manage more than one layer we can use the same function and pass two ids of the message layer to the function. Inside the function in place of managing one layer we will mange two layers.
Inside the style declaration we will be using relative positioning as we will be displaying two layers.

Demo of managing two boxes by single button

The code is here

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252">
<html>
<head>
<title>Demo of Show hide div more than one layer onclick of a single button</title>
<META NAME="DESCRIPTION" CONTENT="Demo for managing multiple layers from single button">
<META NAME="KEYWORDS" CONTENT="Demo more than one box, single button, show hide layer">
<style type="text/css">
div {
position: relative;
left: 250px;
top: 200px;
background-color: #f1f1f1;
width: 280px;
padding: 10px;
color: black;
border: #0000cc 2px dashed;
display: none;
}
</style>


<script language="JavaScript">
function setVisibility(id1,id2) {
if(document.getElementById('bt1').value=='Hide Layer'){
document.getElementById('bt1').value = 'Show Layer';
document.getElementById(id1).style.display = 'none';
document.getElementById(id2).style.display = 'none';
}else{
document.getElementById('bt1').value = 'Hide Layer';
document.getElementById(id1).style.display = 'inline';
document.getElementById(id2).style.display = 'inline';
}
}

</script>
</head>
<body>

<input type=button name=type id='bt1' value='Show Layer' onclick="setVisibility('sub3','sub4');";>

<div id="sub3">Message Box 3</div>

<br><br><br><br><br>
<div id="sub4">Message Box 4</div>
<br><br>
</body>
</html>

Two layers showing one at a time with button click

Instead of using common style for div layers , we will keep individual style property of the layers so it can be managed easily. Here we will keep one layer hidden and one visible at the time of page loading.

Then Inside the if condition we will change the status of the layers and make one visible and one hidden. So on each click one layer will be visible at a time.

<script language="JavaScript">
function setVisibility(id1,id2) {
if(document.getElementById('bt1').value=='Show Box 3'){
document.getElementById('bt1').value = 'Show Box 4';
document.getElementById(id1).style.display = 'inline';
document.getElementById(id2).style.display = 'none';
}else{
document.getElementById('bt1').value = 'Show Box 3';
document.getElementById(id1).style.display = 'none';
document.getElementById(id2).style.display = 'inline';
}
}
</script>

We will change the label or the value of the button accordingly.

Demo of showing one layer at a time by single button

Changes in style property is here

<style type="text/css">
#sub3{
position: relative;
left: 250px;
top: 200px;
background-color: #f1f1f1;
width: 280px;
padding: 10px;
color: black;
border: #0000cc 2px dashed;
display: none;
}

#sub4{
position: relative;
left: 250px;
top: 200px;
background-color: #f1f1f1;
width: 280px;
padding: 10px;
color: black;
border: #0000cc 2px dashed;
//display: none;
}
</style>

Number of User Comments : 34


Google+

Tapash

13-05-2011

this example is very simple to understand.Thank you
platnm

04-07-2011

is there a way to make it so they can click the same link/button to hide or show it?
smo

05-09-2011

Yes, it is added now. Check the demo to see how single button is used to display and hide a layer
Natalie

22-11-2011

When you use more than one of these on a page, and have one open, you have to double click to open a second one. Is there a way to fix this so you only need to click once?
Mark Jacobs

29-11-2011

Thank you so much..saved me a lot of time. A little tinkering and I have a show/hide one the company intranet home page...
Yoru

24-01-2012

This is awesome, exactly the information I needed to get a certain page done!
kanfwood

03-02-2012

thanx it was helpfull to me
Stefan

22-02-2012

Thanks! This helped me a lot :)
Alice

27-02-2012

Hi! This is very useful thanks! Is there a way to achieve the same with class rather than id? I really need your help! thanks
joey Pogi

22-04-2012

This is great help... thank you superman...
Kevin

29-06-2012

Hi, Very nice! But I want to animate it what to do?
Bhagyashri

25-10-2012

wow.... This is what i wanted to do...:) Thanks... It helped me a lot...
greg

16-12-2012

anyone have an idea for make more that one box. bt1 for one box bt2 for one box
smo

16-12-2012

It is added, you can use single button to manage two layers. Same way you can use two buttons to mange two layers.
hepa

21-12-2012

great code ! it helps a lot ! I wonder how to make it works with a text-link and not with a button ?
showotoaksesuar

18-02-2013

THANX BRO! VERY GOOD CODES!
Lohith

12-06-2013

Thanks alot....
Odj2013

17-11-2013

Thank you very much for the tutorial!
lusifer

18-11-2013

i have 4 dive and by click on heading of any div show whole content of the div and hide other div and we again click on same heading then we get all the div
smo

18-11-2013

You can use JQuery for this and there is a FAQ script you can download from here.
Henrik Kryger Pallesen

04-12-2013

You just saved my day. Thank you :-)
Ashesh Sharma

04-04-2014

Thanks Its amusing

Ashesh Sharma
Nivediny

29-05-2014

This is good but i need for merge the div after click a button(concept : there is two div for guest user. after an admin login into the site the second div have to hide and first div have to full fill the place.)can any one know how to do this
smo

29-05-2014

By using server side script this has to be done. Once admin login then based on session present or not we can decide which div layer to display. If admin not logged in then different layer can be shown.
Alan C Kmiecik

04-06-2014

Change images be used for the buttons?
sachin

18-06-2014

Really helpful and easy to understand thanks bro..
atsweetpoem

23-07-2014

If in css property is overflow:auto then how to show and hide the div.
Simon

28-10-2014

Is it possible to change the buttons for images?
Thanks
smo

30-10-2014

Image can be used in place of buttons. One example by using image is added in first demo.
Andrew King

25-11-2014

I wish to have two buttons, each opening a different box in different positions. How do you specify the two positions? Also what specifies Sub3, Sub4 etc.?
Ed Newms

06-01-2015

Great code. I just need one more thing. I need the button click to open a page in a new window. So really a link more than a button but either way. Thanks
Bidyut

05-02-2015

On button click the div appears...n i have a form in that div..while pressing the submit buton the div gets hidden..so how do i keep that div remain there..n i want a back button as well..kindly help..thnx
Valter

26-03-2015

Hi, I have a new question. How to make a button to show AND hide two boxes at once (on click)? Meaning: when page loads one box is visible and the other is hidden. On click the visible box turn on hidden and the hidden go visible.
Any suggestion or script is highly appreciated.
Cheer
Valter

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