SQL delete Command

Delete query is used to delete records from the table. This query is used along with some condition to selectively delete records from the table. To delete all the records from the table we can use truncate command like this
TRUNCATE `student`
This will remove all the records from the table. This is one way of deleting all the records from a table. Now let us try to delete records based on some selection. Now let us delete records of the students who has got mark less than 60. Here we are selectively deleting the records so we have to use WHERE clause to match the selection.

DELETE FROM student WHERE mark < 60 

This will delete records for which mark is less than 60.

More on SQL WHERE command tutorial .

Deleting records from multiple tables.

We can delete linked records from two tables by using single query. We know that there are two records in student_fee table and one record in student table for student id =2. We will delete them in single query
DELETE  student,student_fee FROM student inner join student_fee on student.id=student_fee.id and student.id=2
Above query will remove two records from student_fee table and one from student table

Now let us remove all the records from student table where they are present in student_fee table. This is same as deleting all records which are present in both tables.
DELETE  student,student_fee FROM student inner join student_fee on student.id=student_fee.id

Deleting records that don't exist in another table

This is required when we want to delete students who have not paid their fees. Now we will remove such records from first table ( student ) for which matching record is not available in second table ( student_fee ).

By using left Join
DELETE  student FROM student LEFT JOIN student_fee on student_fee.id=student.id WHERE  student_fee.id IS NULL
By using NOT EXISTS and subquery
DELETE FROM student  WHERE NOT EXISTS ( SELECT * FROM student_fee where student_fee.id=student.id)
By using NOT IN
DELETE FROM student  WHERE student.id NOT IN ( SELECT id FROM student_fee where student_fee.id=student.id)

Executing delete query using PHP Script

After preparing the SQL we can execute the query from our PHP Script. Here is sample code using Php PDO.

config.php file is the database connection file.
$query is the string variable storing our SQL

require "config.php";// Database connection
echo " No of records deleted = ".$no;

How to delete tabel or database ?
Download sql dump of this student table

Download sql dump of linked student_fee table

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