Sub quires are easy to understand and can be developed by using simple quires. These queries will have two parts , one is inner queries or inner select and outer queries or outer select.
These queries are easy to develop and most of the time preferred over complex joins.
There are some restriction in using sub queries. We cant modify the structure of a table by using sub query.
Let us start with some examples by using different types of queries using various sql commands.
select * from student where name Like (Select name from student where mark =86)
select * from student where class not in (Select distinct(class) from student)
This query will return if any record is there where class data is not there.
By using ANY
select * from student where class = any (Select distinct(class) from student)
We will get all the records as we don't have any blank class data
select * from student where mark = (Select max(mark) from student)
The above query will return the details of the student who got maximum mark. This query will also work if there are two students with same maximum mark. But if we use only Max command then we will get only one record.
select * from student where class not in (Select max(mark) from student where class= any (select distinct class from student)) .