Linking Checkbox value to a MySQL table record

Checkbox values from MySQL database table
Check box can be linked to records in a database table. This way we can keep the checkbox status checked or not based on the data we receive from the table. We can also read the checkbox status and update the same based on changes. Let us understand this with an example.

Out of the seven days in a week we will display all the days and a checkbox for each day. User has to submit the choice of the days to the system. Next time when they visit then the same checked day status will be displayed and user can check or uncheck any days. The status is stored in MySQL ( can be any other database also) table.


In a hotel you can display a menu to the guest and ask them to select their favorite dishes. We can save the user choice and display the selected items to the same guest in his next visit. Guest can alter the choice and update the record.

Here we will try with the code for selecting weekdays from a days list of checkboxes. We will select the days and on update the record will be stored in a table. While displaying the weekdays we will display by taking the values from a table.

Demo of checkbox status connected to database

Here we will store values of the days ( in 1 to 7 ) by separating them by comma (,) in a table. We could have kept the weekdays in an array for simplicity but in a real project it is most likely that data will be stored in a table. So let us use one table to store weekdays and its number. Here in total we have used two tables, one stores the weekdays and its numbers (plus_weekdays) and the other table stores the userid and its selection of weekdays (plus_week). Here also we have used one record for all our tutorial and that is for userid smo. Now let us first collect the selection of userid smo stored in our table.

PDO connection to MySQL table

Collecting data from MySQL table

$count=$dbo->prepare("SELECT days FROM plus_week WHERE userid='smo' ");
//echo " Success <br>";
$row = $count-&gt;fetch(PDO::FETCH_OBJ);
Inside our days field we store the selection with day number separated by comma. For example we have kept Monday, Wednesday, Saturday as selection of userid smo then the field days will store value 1,3,6 . So let us try to collect this value and create an array.
You can understand that we have used explode() command to create an array which stores the day selection of userid smo. Now we will collect all the weekdays and its numbers from the table plus_weekdays and display then as checkboxes. Here before displaying we will do a small check to know whether this weekday number is there inside our $day_array or not by using in_array function. This is to know whether the weekday is previously selected by user or not. If selected previously then we will keep the checkbox checked by adding attribute checked inside the checkbox tag. For this we will use one variable $st which we will assign empty string or checked value by checking the presence inside array using in_array function. Here is the complete code.
$qt="SELECT *  FROM plus_weekdays";
echo "<form method=post action=''><input type=hidden name=todo value=submit_form>";
 echo "<table border='0' width='50%' cellspacing='0' cellpadding='0' align=center>";
foreach ($dbo->query($qt) as $noticia) {
 echo "<tr bgcolor='$bgcolor'>
<td class='data'><input type=checkbox name=days_array[] value='$noticia[day_no]' $st> $noticia[days]</td></tr>";
echo  "</table>
<input type=submit value=update></form>

Updating user selection to Database table

@$todo=$_POST['todo']; // take care of register global if off
if(isset($todo) and $todo=="submit_form"){
while (list ($key,$val) = @each ($days_array)) {
//echo "$val,";
$tag_string=substr($tag_string,0,(strLen($tag_string)-1));// remove the last , from string
$sql=$dbo->prepare("UPDATE plus_week SET days=:tag_string where userid='smo'");
echo "Data Updated<br>"; 
//print_r($sql->errorInfo()); // if any error is there it will be posted
The sql dump of the tables along with the config file ( for database connection ) and readme file is kept inside the ZIP file.
Zip file to download the Checkbox database script..
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