filter()

filter(function, iterable) Construct an iterator using the matching elements from the iterable object
function (required ) , Each element is checked through the function
iterable ( required ), iterable object
We can pass each element of the iterable object through the function and get only the elements which are matching to condition or returning True.

Example 1

Create one user defined function my_check(). This function receives one element and check if it is divisible by 2 or not. The function will return True if the element is divisible by 2 ( even number ) or it will return False if not divisible by 2.
def my_check(x):
    if x%2==0:
        return True
    else:
        return False

my_list=[5,82,40,37]              # created a list   
my_filter=filter(my_check,my_list)# Used filter 
print(list(my_filter))            # display elements 
Output
[82, 40]
We used % modulus operator here.

Using string

We know string is also iterable object so we will use one char as input to a function and filter out ( by using if else ) all lower case chars. We will use the string method islower() to check the status of the input char. This method islower() will return True for lower case chars and return False for upper case chars .
def my_check(x):
    if x.islower():
        return True
    else:
        return False
my_str='Plus2Net'                 # input string object
my_filter=filter(my_check,my_str) # used filter 
print(list(my_filter))            # output 
Output
['l', 'u', 's', 'e', 't']

Using lambda

In above code we have used one user defined function my_check() to check each char of the iterable object. We can also use lambda in place of my_check() function to get the same functionality.
my_str='Plus2Net'
my_filter=filter(lambda x: x.islower(),my_str)
print(list(my_filter))
Output
['l', 'u', 's', 'e', 't']

Data type of filter() output

By using type() we can finout the data type of the output.
def my_check(x):
    if x%2==0:
        return True
    else:
        return False

my_list=[5,82,40,37]              # created a list   
my_filter=filter(my_check,my_list)# Used filter 
print(type(my_filter)) # <class 'filter'>
We can use short code for the function my_check() like this
def my_check(x):
    return True if x%2==0 else False

All Built in Functions in Python slice()


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