read_excel()

Read and create DataFrame ( df ) then display data by using sales1.excel file.
import pandas as pd 
df = pd.read_excel('D:\\my_file.xlsx')
print(df)
Output is here
   NAME  ID  MATH  ENGLISH
0  Ravi   1    30       20
1  Raju   2    40       30
2  Alex   3    50       40
This will read the first worksheet of the Excel file my_file.xlsx
Download Excel file my_file.xlsx

Reading data from Excel file and creating Pandas DataFrame using read_excel() in Python with options


Options :

Reading the worksheet

We can read any worksheet of the Excel file by using the option sheet_name. We have used one Excel file my_file.xlsx with two worksheets my_Sheet_1 and my_Sheet_2. You can create your own sample my_file.xlsx by using the code at the end of this tutorial.

In above code change the linke like this
df = pd.read_excel('D:\\my_file.xlsx', sheet_name=1)
Now we can read the data of my_Sheet_2 by using above code, sheet_name=0 is for reading the data of first sheet i.e my_Sheet_1. We can also use the sheet names.
df = pd.read_excel('D:\\my_file.xlsx', sheet_name='my_Sheet_1')
By default it reads the first sheet or sheet_name=0

index_col

By default value is None. This will add one index column to the DataFrame. We can specify one column to use as Index.
import pandas as pd 
df = pd.read_excel('D:\\my_file.xlsx',index_col='ID')
print(df)

header

By default the column header is 0. We can give integer values. Here is the code to start from 1st row.
df = pd.read_excel('D:\\my_file.xlsx',header=1)

header=None

If our file is not having header then we must keep header=None, by using header=None we can see the index will start from 0th row. Here is the output with header=None.
df = pd.read_excel('D:\\my_file.xlsx',header=None)
     0     1   2     3        4
0  NaN  NAME  ID  MATH  ENGLISH
1  0.0  Ravi   1    30       20
2  1.0  Raju   2    40       30
3  2.0  Alex   3    50       40
As the number are used as headers , we can create our own names by using a list.

names

We will create a list and use as our headers. We will also exclude the file header by using header=None
import pandas as pd 
my_list=['header1','header2','header3','header4','header5']
df = pd.read_excel('D:\\my_file.xlsx',header=None,names=my_list)
print(df)
Output is here
   header1 header2 header3 header4  header5
0      NaN    NAME      ID    MATH  ENGLISH
1      0.0    Ravi       1      30       20
2      1.0    Raju       2      40       30
3      2.0    Alex       3      50       40

Unique values of a column

Download the sample student excel file. There are around 35 records. One of the column is class. Display the distinct or unique class names from this column. We will use unique() for this.
import pandas as pd 
df = pd.read_excel('D:\student.xlsx')
my_classes=df['class'].unique()
print(my_classes)
Output is a list
['Four' 'Three' 'Five' 'Six' 'Seven' 'Nine' 'Eight']

Creating demo file with sample data my_file.xlsx

import pandas as pd 
my_dict={
	'NAME':['Ravi','Raju','Alex'],
	'ID':[1,2,3],'MATH':[30,40,50],
	'ENGLISH':[20,30,40]
	}

my_dict2={
	'NAME':['Ron','Pick','Rabin'],
	'ID':[4,5,6],'MATH':[60,40,30],
	'ENGLISH':[30,40,50]
	}

df = pd.DataFrame(data=my_dict)
df2 = pd.DataFrame(data=my_dict2)

with pd.ExcelWriter('D:my_file.xlsx') as my_excel_obj: #Object created
    df.to_excel(my_excel_obj,sheet_name='my_Sheet_1')
    df2.to_excel(my_excel_obj,sheet_name='my_Sheet_2')

Selecting Excel file to create DataFrame using Tkinter


Tkinter filedialog to browse and select excel file to create Pandas DataFrame using read_excel()


Tkinter is a python library used to create GUI applications. By using Tkinter filedialog we can browse and select excel file in local system. Using the selected excel file we can create a DataFrame and show the first 5 rows inside a text widget.
import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import *
from tkinter import filedialog
import pandas as pd 

my_w = tk.Tk()
my_w.geometry("410x300")  # Size of the window 
my_w.title('www.plus2net.com')
my_font1=('times', 18, 'bold')
l1 = tk.Label(my_w,text='Create DataFrame',width=30,font=my_font1)  
l1.grid(row=0,column=1)
b1 = tk.Button(my_w, text='Upload Excel File', 
   width=20,command = lambda:upload_file())
b1.grid(row=1,column=1) 
t1 = tk.Text(my_w, height=7, width=45,bg='yellow') # added one text box
t1.grid(row=2,column=1,pady=10) # 

def upload_file():
  file = filedialog.askopenfilename(
    filetypes=[("Excel file", ".xlsx")])
  df=pd.read_excel(file,index_col='id') # creating DataFrame
  t1.delete('1.0',END) # Delete previous data from position 0 till end
  t1.insert(tk.END, df.head()) # adding data to text widget
my_w.mainloop()  # Keep the window open

Reading Excel file and creating table in MySQL or SQLite database

Tkinter file browser to select Excel file for Inserting data to MySQL or SQLite database table


We will connect to MySQL database or SQLite database by using SQLAlchemy.
By using Tkinter filedialog we can browse and select excel file in local system.
Once the excel file is selected, we can read the file by using read_excel() to create the DataFrame. Using the DataFrame we will create the table by using to_sql(). We used try except code block to handle error.
import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import *
from tkinter import filedialog
import pandas as pd 
from sqlalchemy import create_engine
from sqlalchemy.exc import SQLAlchemyError
#my_conn = create_engine("sqlite:///E:\\testing\\sqlite\\my_db4.db") # SQLite
my_conn =create_engine("mysql+mysqldb://u_id:pw@localhost/my_tutorial")

my_w = tk.Tk()
my_w.geometry("400x300")  # Size of the window 
my_w.title('www.plus2net.com')

l1 = tk.Label(my_w,text='Upload File & Add to Database',width=30,font=18)  
l1.grid(row=1,column=1,padx=5,pady=20)
b1 = tk.Button(my_w, text='Upload File', 
   width=20,command =  lambda :upload_file())
b1.grid(row=2,column=1) 

def upload_file():
    f_types = [('All Files', '*.*'), 
             ('Excel files', '*.xlsx'),
             ('Text Document', '*.txt'),
              ('CSV files',"*.csv")]
    path = filedialog.askopenfilename(filetypes=f_types)
    if path:
        my_upd(path)
def my_upd(file):
    df = pd.read_excel(file)
    ### Creating new table my_table or appending existing table 
    try:
        df.to_sql(con=my_conn,name='my_table',if_exists='append') #DataFrame
    except SQLAlchemyError as e:
        #print(e)
        error = str(e.__dict__['orig'])
        print(error)        
    else:   # No error 
        l1.config(text='Data added to table')
my_w.mainloop()  # Keep the window open

Using DataFrame column to create a list

DataFrame is created by using read_excel() function. From the DataFrame we can use one column data to create one list by using tolist().
import pandas as pd
df=pd.read_excel("D:\\my_data\\tk-colours.xlsx") # Create DataFrame.
my_list=df['Name'].values.tolist() # list with column data 

Reading Google sheets data to create DataFrame

DataFrame from Python Google sheets
We can create DataFrame by using data from google sheets by using pygsheets library and google drive API.
get_as_df() DataFrame from Google sheet data

Data input and output from Pandas DataFrame
Pandas read_csv() to_csv() to_excel()
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