PHP Login and logout script and example

Depending on the visitors session condition whether logged in or not we can display different messages to the members.We should show an welcome messages to a logged in user like "Welcome john" with a logout button. Same way we if the member has not logged in then we can show login input box in that place or show the link to login page.

We can check the visitors session variable and display a login or logout link using one PHP IF condition. This is one example of php if and see detail Login script for full code. We will be using PHP isset function to check the existence of session variable.

Read more on PHP Session variables here

There are two types of pages here.
One is where based on user status ( login or not login) we will display welcome message with logout link and for other login link. For example the home page of the site where member is not yet logged in but can check the content of the page
if((isset($_SESSION['userid']) and strlen($_SESSION['userid']) > 5)){
echo "Welcome $_SESSION[userid] <a href=setting.php>Settings</a> . <a href=logout.php>Logout</a>";
echo "<a href=signup.php>Sign UP</a> <a href=login.php>Login</a>";
Second one is for the pages where content can be accessed only by login members. So if the page is opened without login then we will not execute the content of the page and we will show the link to login page with a message. For example change password page or update profile page.
if((isset($_SESSION['userid']) and strlen($_SESSION['userid']) > 5)){
// Content of the page
echo "Please <a href='login.php?redirect=post.php'>Login</a> to post any topics";

Using multiple pages

There may be several pages where we will be restricting access to login members only. So to maintain access over multiple pages we will keep the code in a common file and include the file when ever required. This will help us in easy maintenance of site.

Let us see how we will add login status to pages.
require "check.php";
Inside the check.php file we will keep this code.
if(!(isset($_SESSION['userid']) and strlen($_SESSION['userid']) > 2)){
echo "Please <a href=g_login.php>login</a> to use this page ";
echo "Welcome $_SESSION[userid] | <a href='logout.php'>Logout</a>|<a href='change.php'>Change Password</a>";
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I am new to php.Could you explain the database part too please.

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